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The Lion (Panthera leo) is the second largest feline species, after the tiger. The male lion, easily recognized by his mane, weighs between 150–250 kg while females range between 120 -150 kg. In the wild, lions live for around 10–14 years, while in captivity they can live over 20 years. Lions live in groups, called a pride. Recently, lions were added to the endangered species list - as their numbers decline due to game hunting and poaching.

The National Zoo is home to four lions, named Delilah, Millie, Sabi & Marjan.
Sabi & Marjan were born here in 2003.

The White Lion (Panthera leo krugeri) remains rare in the wild but is occasionally found in wildlife
reserves in South Africa. They are not a separate subspecies and they are
not albinos. The color is caused by a recessive gene and they vary from blonde
through to near white. This coloration gives white lions a distinct disadvantage
in nature because they are highly visible. This gives them away to their prey
and makes them an attractive target for hunters.

The National Zoo is home to 6 White Lions, including Jake & Mishka and the Brat Pack.

The Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

The Male Sumatran tiger can weigh up to around 135-140 kg.
The female usually weighs in at around 90-95 kg. It is believed that only 400-500 Sumatran Tigers remain in the wild. This is mainly attributed to habitat destruction.  
66 Sumatran tigers were recorded as being shot and killed between 1998 and 2000 — nearly 20% of the total population.

       The National Zoo is home to a female Sumatran tiger, Rahni

The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most common tiger subspecies and is found primarily in India and closely surrounded regions. It's fur is a light orange-brown with black stripes. A mutation exists that sometimes produces white Bengal Tigers.
Male Bengal Tigers measure up to 2.7 - 3.6 m (including tail) and 180-300 kg.
Females grow to around 2.1 - 2.7 m (including tail) and 110-200 kg.
Estimates in 2005 indicate a worldwide population of 4,500 Bengal Tigers.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to Bakkar, one of Australia's largest Bengal
Tigers. Bakkar carries the white tiger gene and is a former resident of Dreamworld.

The Cougar (Puma concolor) or Puma is the largest of the 'small cats.'
The cougar has the largest range of any wild cat in the world. The cougar also has the largest range of any 'New World'
land animal; spanning all the way from Yukon in Canada to the Southern Andes.

The cougar's life span is estimated at being between 8-13 years. They grow to around 2.4 - 2.7 m in length and weigh an average of 45kg (female) and 70kg (male). Cougars have an impressive leap ability of approximately 5.4 - 6 m (vertical) and 9 - 12 m (horizontal). Cougar numbers estimate 30,000 - 50,000 in the wild.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to 1 cougar named Cree.

The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is an endangered member of the cat family. It is the fastest of all land animals and although its fastest speed is unknown, it can reach speeds of more than 105km/per
hour in short bursts of up to 450-500 meters, as well as being able to accelerate from
0 to 110km/per hour in three seconds (faster than most 'super cars').

Cheetah sizes vary and range between 45 and 60kg. Males are usually slightly larger though
it is almost impossible to tell male cheetahs from females, based on their size and weight.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to 4 cheetahs: Zingala and Ailsa, Jura and Innes

The Serval (Leptailurus serval) is a medium-sized African wild cat, found mainly in the Savanna. Servals grow to an
average length of 85 cm (excluding tail). Their life expectancy is about 12-20 years.

Serval numbers have dwindled, due to human population taking over its habitat and hunting it for its pelt. The Serval is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. Servals are extremely efficient hunters, with around a 50% success rate; compared to 10% for most other species.

The National Zoo is home to a male Serval, named Souda, and a female Ashaki

snow leopard:
The Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia or Panthera uncia), is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of central and Southern Asia. Well known for its beautiful fur, the snow leopard has a soft grey coat with ringed spots and rosettes of black on brown. The fur turns white in the winter.

The life span of a snow leopard is normally 15-18 years, but in captivity they can live up to 20+ years. Snow Leopards weigh and average of 40-55kg.
The total estimated wild population of the snow leopard is between 3,500 and 7,000 with 500-600 in zoos.

The National Zoo is home to 2 Snow Leopards, named Shiva and Bhutan.

malayan sun bear :
Free the Bears
The Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) is a bear found primarily in the tropical rainforests of Southeast
Asia. The Sun Bear stands approximately 1.2 meters tall and weighs in at around 65kg. In captivity,
the Sun Bear can live up to 28 years of age. As primarily nocturnal creatures, the Sun Bear tends to
rest in trees (not too far above ground) during the day .

The Sun Bear is one of the most critically endangered animals in the world. This is mainly attributed
to bile farming (extracting bile from the gallbladders of live bears), and destruction of around 75%
of their natural habitat.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to 2 Sun Bears,a male named Arataki and Otay, a female


european brown bear:
The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear found throughout the Northern hemisphere. Weighing between 130–700kg, the European Brown Bear is the smallest of the brown bears.
Brown bears were once native to Asia, the Atlas Mountains in Africa, Europe and North America - but are now extinct in some areas and their populations have greatly decreased in others.
There are about 200,000 brown bears in the world. The largest populations are in Russia (120,000), the United States (32,500), and Canada (21,750).
The National Zoo is home to 3 brown bears - affectionately known as Big Fella,
Blondie and Darkle.

natives & close relatives:
The Dingo (plural dingoes or dingos), Canis lupus dingo, is a type of wild dog, commonly described as an Australian Native, but is not restricted to Australia, nor did it originate there. Modern dingoes are found throughout Southeast Asia and in mainland Australia. Australian Dingoes may be descendents of Asian dingoes that were introduced to the continent some 3,000 to 4,000 years ago. Dingoes weigh between 10-24kg and stand at a shoulder height of
44-63cm tall. The Zoo is home to 2 Dingoes - Jumbany and Nara

The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is a thickset arboreal marsupial herbivore native
to Australia. The Koala lives almost entirely on eucalypt leaves, has a very low
metabolic rate, for a mammal and rests for about 19-20 hours a day.
The Koala was hunted almost to extinction in the early 20th century, largely for its fur.
Koala numbers today are estimated at around 30,000. We have 2 Koalas - Winston and Matilda

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to several other natives; these include -
Kangaroos - Red and Kangaroo Island, Common Wombats, Tasmanian Devils,
Wallabies - Swamp and Parma, Little Penguins and Emus.
Plus 3 Goodfellow's Tree Kangaroos - Kubu, Oumak and joey Mani.

The Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African mammal, and the the tallest of all land-living animals. Males can be 4.8 to 5.5 metres tall and weigh up to 1,360kg. Females are generally slightly shorter and weigh less than the males. Within the first week of being born,
a giraffe will grow one foot in height.

A giraffe can eat 63 kg of leaves and twigs daily. The giraffe will only sleep for 10 minutes at a time, and two hours in a 24-hour period. This has led to the myth that giraffes cannot lie down and that if they do so, they will die.

The National Zoo is home to 3 giraffe. Humbekhali (Hummer) the resident male, and Shaba and Mzungu (who are currently off display)

The Slender-tailed Meerkat - (Suricata suricatta) is found in wide distribution in southern Africa.
Although they are excellent diggers, Meerkats usually live in burrows dug by other animals. They live in large groups of up to 30 individuals called a mob, gang or clan. Meerkats live in a matriarchal society, which means that the dominant female is the leader of the mob.They have a life span of 10 - 13 years.

While most mob members forage, some act as lookout sentries, especially for hawks and other aerial predators. Sentries stand on their hind legs at vantage points (e.g. mounds, rocks and bushes) so they can get a better view of approaching predators.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to 3 Meerkats, named Mbali, Makena and Sekai.

the common eland:
The Common Eland, (Taurotragus oryx) is a Savanna and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. The Common Eland, the largest of world's antelopes, stands around two metes at the shoulder
and weighs up to 275kg.

They are very agile and can easily jump a 1.5 m fence from a standing start .

Common Eland females have a tan coat, while the males' coat is a darker tan with a blue tinge
to it, there may be a single white stripe vertically placed on the sides.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to 2 Common Eland, named Nyama and Arusha. (Currently off display)

The Zebra is a part of the horse family, native to central and southern Africa. They are most well known for their
distinctive black and white stripes. The Plains Zebra (Equus quaggai) is the most common. Attempts have been made to train zebras, either for riding or to pull freight draft use. In Africa, they have better resistance than horses to diseases. They are a very highly strung animal.
Oddly enough, while making zebras indistinguishable to other animals, zebra stripes actually help zebras recognize one another. Stripe patterns are like zebra fingerprints: Every zebra has a slightly different arrangement.

The National Zoo is home to 4 Zebras: Kike, Zahra, Tambo and a new foal, Kya


The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to eight species of primate:

Black-Capped Capuchin, (Cebus apella), also known as Tufted Capuchin, or Brown Capuchin, may live either a solitary life, or in groups of 2 - 20. Named after a group of Franciscan friars, their black capped heads resemble the hoods worn they wore. Extremely intelligent, they are great problem solvers and are well known for using tools such as rocks and sticks to aid in food gathering. The island family members include Gonzo & Monyet and their children Macaco (Mac), Gomez and Peanut.

Black-and-white Colobus (Colobus guereza), is a heavy bodied animal with a long tail. They have only 4 digits on each hand, which may be an adaptation for quick movements through the trees. The life-span of the Colobus in up to 20 years in the wild and 29 in captivity. The Zoo is home to Chadwick and 2 new girls Safi & Misuka.

Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Simia sciureus) live in the tropical forests of Central and South America in the canopy layer. They live together in multi-male/multi-female groups with up to 500 members. Their distinctive black-and-white face gives them the name "death's head monkey" in several Germanic languages. There are 4 living at the Zoo - Gypsy, Thelma, Tikan and Pilar.

Common Marmoset (Callithrix (Callithrix) jacchus), is found on the Northeast coast and Southeast Brazil. Marmoset adult size ranges from 14 to 18cm and they weigh approximately 400g. The life expectancy of the Common Marmoset ranges from 10 - 16 years. Diego & Domingo live here at the Zoo.

Cotton Top Tamarin (Saguinus oedipus), also known as the Pinché Tamarin,
is a small monkey weighing less than 0.5kg. Groups of Cotton top Tamarins usually include 3 - 9 individuals and have a life-span of around 13 years. The Zoo has a family group consisting of Arika, Caligula and their children Lupi, Taco & Shyla

De Brazza's Monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus), locally known as swamp monkeys, and are often found in wetlands in central Africa. De Brazzas have cheek pouches in which to carry food while they forage. They have a life-span of up to 22 years. The Zoo is home to 2 boys - Sam & PJ.


Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur (Varecea variegata) is only found in the rainforests on the island of Madagasgar. Active exclusively in daylight hours, they have a complex social structure, and are known for their loud, raucous calls. Its neck has a mane and the face has a muzzle like a dogs. Males and females look the same. In captivity they can live up to 36 years.
The Zoo is home to 3 girls, Falon, Masina & Setra.

Ring Tail Lemur (Lemur catta) is the most recognized lemur due to its long, black and white striped tail. Like other Lemurs they are highly social, living in groups of up to 30 individuals and as with most lemurs, they are female dominant. It is the most terrestrial of Lemur species, spending as much as 33% of its time on the ground. They enjoy sun bathing, sitting upright facing its underside, with its thinner white fur, towards the sun. This is often described as a "sun-worshipping" posture or Lotus position. The Zoo is home to a pair, Lily and Indray, their twin boys Dodi and Zandry, Zeni, plus their new baby twins Tico & Kely

oriental small-clawed otter:
The Asian Small-clawed Otter ( Aonyx cinerea) is the smallest otter in the world.
When fully grown, these otters measure approximately 0.9m from nose to tail tip, and weigh up to 5kg. They feed
on fish, frogs, crabs, crayfish and shellfish - but they'll eat just about anything they can get their little claws on.
The Oriental Small-clawed Otter lives in extended family groups with only the alpha pair breeding and previous offspring helping to raise the young.

Due to ongoing habitat loss, pollution and hunting in some areas, the Oriental Small-clawed Otter is now listed as near threatened.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is currently home for 3 Otters - 2 males, No Lips and Big Lips, and a female Patty

red panda :
The Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) is a mostly herbivorous mammal, and is slightly larger than your average domestic cat (around 55cm in length).

Red Pandas are native to Southeastern Asia, along a crescent formed by the Himalaya Mountains in Nepal, southern Tibet China, Bhutan and northeast India, then east into the Burma Highlands, the Gongshan Mountains of Yunnan China, and the Hengduan Mountains of
Sichuan China. Although the span of their inhabited area is so vast, their numbers of around 2,500 mature individuals has the Red Panda classified as an endangered species.

The National Zoo & Aquarium has 4 Red Pandas - Eilish & Tenzin and 2 new cubs, Tashi & Ari

reptiles & Amphibians:
The National Zoo & Aquarium has a variety of reptiles and amphibians on display.

Including: Olive Python, Boa Constrictor, Corn Snake, Reticulated Python, Taiwan Beauty Snake, Shingleback Lizard, Short Tailed Monitor, Blue Tongue Lizard, Green & Crested Iguana, Rhinoceros Iguana plus a family of Alligators. Also Splendid Frogs & Common and Magnificent Tree Frogs.

Feel the smooth cool skin of a Boa Constrictor as it makes it's way around the limbs of your body on the Ultimate Zooventure Tour.

For more information on our AQUARIUM, click here

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