National Zoo & Aquarium

Hello! I’m Crystal the Fallow Deer

Originally found only in Turkey and surrounds, fallow deer have made their way around the world and now live in 49 different countries. The Phoenicians, Romans, and Normans introduced the species throughout Europe and the United Kingdom. In later years, the deer made their way across the oceans to North America and beyond. Fallow deer were imported from England to Tasmania in 1836 and then onto other areas of Australia. Generally, the deer were brought to new areas as an ornamental species and for hunting. While fallow deer are abundant in many countries, in its Turkish native range it is under serious threat.

Fallow deer have a good sense of smell, hearing and very good vision. They communicate through body language, smells, and sounds. Fallow deer have six types of vocalizations: barking, an explosive alarm call; bleating, produced by females during birth or with their young; mewing, made during submission postures; peeping, produced by fawns in distress or contacting their mothers; wailing, an intense distress sound; and groaning, produced by rutting males. Fallow deer also alert others of danger by standing in an upright stance, head held vertically and their body rigid.

The National Zoo & Aquarium is home to 8 fallow deer.

Fallow Deer

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Fallow Deer Facts

Conservation Status Least Concern
Distribution Turkey, Europe
Weight 35–56kg
Height 73–94cm at shoulder
Life Span 20–25 years
Gestation 231–245 days

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Scrivener Dam, Yarralumla, Canberra, ACT 2611

We are open every day except Christmas day 9.30am until 5.00pm

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